Saturday, March 22, 2014

Method of calculating other body measurements from chest measurements

Using chest measurements we can calculate other upper body measurements.This is for standard body measurements.But to get good measurement it is good to take measurement of each part.
Neck= ⅓ chest + 2½"
Waist =chest -5 to 7 "
Seat = Chest + 2 to 4"
Across chest  = ⅛ th chest + 2¼"
Half back =⅙ th chest + 1"
Half shoulder =⅙ th chest 1½ to 2"
Upper arm or biceps =  ¼ chest + 2 to 2½"
Scye depth =⅛ th chest +  2 to 2½"


Friday, March 7, 2014

V neck with flounce collar

Step 1 prepare front and back of bodice having V neck.

Figure 1
Step 2. Fold back the seam allowances of shoulder lines of front and back of the bodice and stick them together along the shoulder lines with cello tape as shown in the figure 2.

Figure 2

Step 3. Place a sheet of paper of paper under the neck portion as shown in the figure 3 and trace the neck line. ( shown by dotted line). Mark the shoulder line with a point or notch.

Figure 3

Draw the collar as shown in figure 4 adding seam allowance along   the three edges expect the neck line.
Figure 4
Cut and remove the collar piece( figure 5).

Figure 5
Divide the collar in to portions by lines as shown in the figure 6.

Figure 6
Cut along the lines till neck line and not through the neck line Figure 7.

Figure 7

Place this on another sheet of paper and spread the collar portions as shown in figure 8 and draw the outline. This is the draft of flounced V neck collar.
Figure 8

Prepare facing of the neck also. Mark shoulder point.


Cut collar piece and facing in duplicate.


Keeping right sides together stitch front and back of the bodice along the shoulder lines.
Sew the outer edge of the collar with Zig-Zag or rolled edge.
Keeping two layers of collar one above the other, right sides together stitch them together along center front line  and center back line .Open seams and press.
Keeping two layers of facing one above the other stitch along  center front line  and center back line. Open seams and press.

 Sandwich collar in between bodice and facing, matching center front, center back and shoulder notches and stitch all the three layers together 1/4" away from the neck edge and then run a line of machine stitch. Turn the facing inside and press and top stitch on the facing. Fold the loose end of the facing and hand sew to the garment with small stitches.V neck with flounce collar is ready.

Wednesday, January 15, 2014

Method of making pattern for "Low cowl neck line"

Prepare draft of front and back of bodice as in figure 1.
Make a few changes in the above draft to make a pattern of low cowl neck.


From bust point O draw a perpendicular line which meets the center front at F.
Mark point A on shoulder line such that E-A =1½”.
Join A-F.
Mark another point B between points E and A.
Join B- F by a curved line as shown in the (Figure 2).


 Mark A’ on the shoulder line such that E’-A’ = E-A +¼”
Q’-F’ = 1½”.
Join points A’ –F’ by a curved line as shown in the figure 2.

A’- F’ is the new back neck line. Cut along the line A’-F’ and discard the shaded portion (Figure 3). This is the draft of the back for low cowl neck.


Cut along the line F-B from F to till point B without cutting the shoulder line.
Cut along the line F-O till the point O and not through the point O. (Figure 4).

Take a folded sheet of paper and draw a parallel line X-Y 6” below the short edge as shown in
 figure 5.
Place the draft of the front on the folded sheet such that center front F” R’ is on the fold and point A is on the line X-Y. Spread the sections such that point F touches the touches the fold. Secure the positions with pins or mask tape. (Figure 5).

 Turn the folded sheet of paper back along the line X-Y. Draw the shape of the pattern all around as shown by dotted lines. Cut along the dotted lines (Figure 6).

Open the fold on the line X-Y. Draw the shape of facing and cut (Figure 7).

 Open the folds of the draft. This is the draft of the front of the low cowl neck pattern (Figure 8).


Stitching is same as that of mid-depth cowl.


Saturday, January 11, 2014

Method of stitching cowl neck- Mid depth cowl

Cowl is loosely draped bias folds of fabric. It can be created on front and back neckline of dresses, skirts, pants and even on armholes. It gives elegant look for the garment .There are many verities of cowls such as low cowl, high cowl, mid depth cowl.  Pleated cowl etc.

Material used for cowls should drape well. Chiffon, knitted fabric or any woven material which is supple enough to drape is suitable.

Method of sewing mid depth cowl

Prepare the front and back of the bodice block.

We have to make a few changes in the bodice block to stitch cowl neck.

Bodice front

  In Figure 1 E-P is the shoulder line. Curve P-Q is the original neck line. Q-R is the center front. O is the bust point. Draw a perpendicular line O-F from bust point to center front. Mark Point A on the shoulder line E-P from where you want Cowl neckline to drape. This is neckline starting point. Mark point B on the center front between neck and bust level. Cowl falls from point A to point B. join A-B.

Bodice back

E’-P’ is shoulder line .Curve P’-Q’ is the original back beck line. Q’-R’ is back center line. Mark point A’ on the shoulder line such that E’-A’= E-A +¼”.Mark point B’ on the center back such that B’-Q’ =1½”.
Join A’-B’. This is the new neck line of the back.

Cut along the line A-B and A-’B’ and remove the shaded portion of the draft.

Join points A and B. Draw slash line from shoulder tip E to point F. Draw another line C-D In between the lines A-B and E-F as shown in the figure 3.cut the line D-C and F-E till the shoulder line keeping the shoulder line intact. Cut the line F-O till the point O not through the point O.

Take folded sheet of paper and draw a line M-N  6” away from the short edge as shown in
 figure 4.
Sheet above the line M-N is for self-facing.
Place the new draft of the front prepared such that line A-B of the draft touches the line M-N and point B falls on the fold of the paper and secure them with pins. Center front line of the draft which is below bust level is placed on the fold of the paper and secured with pins. Spread the cut sections of the draft as shown in figure and secure them with pins. The edges of the sections which project beyond the fold of the paper are not needed.

 Fold the paper back along the line M-N  as shown in Figure 5. Cut along the dotted line as shown. Trim the edges of the sections which projects beyond the fold of paper.

Unfold the sheet of the paper along the line M-N. Trim the facing as shown. Draft for cowl front is got ( Figure 6).


Fold the fabric on true bias and place draft of front as shown in Figure 7 and cut the pattern piece.

Back of the bodice and back neck facing is cut as usual.

Bodice back

pattern pieces

pattern pieces

Finish back neck with facing.

Finish the edge of the self-facing of the cowl by turning the edge in.

 Align front and back shoulder seams keeping right sides together and secure them with running stitches.

 Fold the self-facing along the cowl line over the back neck line. Now right side of the facing will be together wrong side of the back. Pin the shoulder seam of the bodice to the shoulder seam portion of the facing. Stitch three layers together. 

Turn the facing over the seam allowance. Finish armhole with facing. Finish the hem by turning in and stitching. 

Top with cowl neck line is ready

Sunday, December 8, 2013

Method of stitching davani for Bharathanatyam costume

Davani of the Bhatrathanatyam dress has got two parts, front portion and back portion, which are stitched together. Stitching line sits on the shoulder line.  Front portion is pleated but back portion will be plain. strings or cloth patties are attached to the front and back portion to tie around the waist.


Front length
Back length
Shoulder line width

Method of taking measurements

Method of sewing front portion
Method of sewing back portion

Finished Davani


Thursday, December 5, 2013

Method of stitching back piece of Bharathanatyam costume

Draft of back piece

MeasurementsLength of the back piece= length from waist to hip +2½” 
1. Back piece should cover the hip
2. Waist
3. Hip round


Back piece

P-Q= length of the back piece +2½”
P-T = ½ hip round + ½”
T-U = 1” for overlap
R is the midpoint of P-T
P-S = P-Q
Join P-S-U by a curved line as shown in the figure.

Small fan

Length ¾ of the curve  U-S or to taste.
Width  34”

Step 1

Step 2

Step 3

Step 4

Step 5

Step 6

Finished back piece
Method of sewing Davani will be continued.............